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Jakarta, officially "the Special Capital Territory of Jakarta", is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. Located on the northwest coast of Java, it has an area of 661 square kilometres (255 sq mi) and a 2010 census count population of 9,580,000.[4] Jakarta is the country's economic, cultural and political centre. It is the most populous city in Indonesia and in Southeast Asia, and is the twelfth-largest city in the world. The urban area, Jabodetabek, is the second largest in the world. Jakarta is listed as a global city in the 2008 Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC) research. The city's name is derived from the Old Javanese word "Jayakarta" which translates as "victorious deed", "complete act", or "complete victory".

Established in the fourth century, the city became an important trading port for the Kingdom of Sunda. It grew as the capital of the colonial Dutch East Indies. It was made capital of Indonesia when the country became independent after World War II. It was formerly known as Sunda Kelapa (397–1527), Jayakarta (1527–1619), Batavia (1619–1942), and Djakarta (1942–1972).

Landmarks include the National Monument and Istiqlal Mosque. The city is the seat of the ASEAN Secretariat. Jakarta is served by the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport, and Tanjung Priok Harbour; it is connected by several intercity and commuter railways, and served by several bus lines running on reserved busways.

Kota or kotamadya (cities) of Jakarta

Officially, Jakarta is not a city, but a province with special status as the capital of Indonesia. It has a governor (instead of a mayor), and is divided into several sub-regions with their own administrative systems. As a province, the official name of Jakarta is Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta ("Special Capital City District of Jakarta"), which in Indonesian is abbreviated to DKI Jakarta.

Jakarta is divided into five kota or kotamadya ("cities" - formerly municipalities), each headed by a mayor, and one regency (kabupaten) headed by a regent. In August 2007, Jakarta held its first ever election to choose a governor, whereas previously the city's governors were appointed by local parliament. The poll is part of a country-wide decentralization drive, allowing for direct local elections in several areas.

The cities/municipalities of Jakarta are:

    * Central Jakarta (Jakarta Pusat, formerly 'Weltevreden') is Jakarta's smallest city and home to most of Jakarta's administrative and political center. It is characterized by large parks and Dutch colonial buildings. Landmarks include the National Monument (Monas), the Istiqlal Mosque, and museums.
    * West Jakarta (Jakarta Barat) has the highest concentration of small-scale industries in Jakarta. The area includes Jakarta's Chinatown and landmarks include the Chinese Langgam building and the Toko Merah building. West Jakarta contains part of the Jakarta Old Town.
    * South Jakarta (Jakarta Selatan), originally planned as a satellite city, is now the location of large upscale shopping centers and affluent residential areas. Jakarta Selatan functions as Jakarta's ground water buffer,[31] but recently the green belt areas are threatened by new developments. Much of the CBD area of Jakarta is concentrated in Setia Budi, South Jakarta, bordering the Tanah Abang/Sudirman area of Central Jakarta.
    * East Jakarta (Jakarta Timur) territory is characterized by several industrial sectors erected in this city.There are also still some areas of swamps and rice fields in this city.
    * North Jakarta (Jakarta Utara) is the only city in Jakarta that is bounded by the sea (Java Sea). It is the location of the Tanjung Priok Port. Big-scale and medium-scale industries are concentrated in North Jakarta. North Jakarta contains the location of Jakarta Old Town, formerly known as Batavia since the 17th century, and was a center of VOC trade activity in Dutch East Indies. Also located in North Jakarta is Ancol Dreamland (Taman Impian Jaya Ancol), currently the largest integrated tourism area in South East Asia.

The only regency (kabupaten) of Jakarta is:

    * Thousand Islands (Kepulauan Seribu), formerly a subdistrict of North Jakarta, is a collection of 105 small islands located on Java Sea. It has a high conservation value because of its unique and special ecosystems. Marine tourism, such as diving, water bicycle, and wind surfing, is the most important touristic activity in this territory. The main transportation between these islands are speed boat or small ferries

Jakarta's Cities/Municipalities (Kota Administrasi/Kotamadya)
City/Regency Area (km2) Total population (registered)(2007) Total population (2007) Population Density    (km2)
South Jakarta 141.27 1,730,680 2,100,930 14,872
East Jakarta 188.03 2,159,785 2,421,419 12,878
Central Jakarta 48.13 880,286 889,680 18,485
West Jakarta 129.54 1,562,837 2,172,878 16,774
North Jakarta 146.66 1,200,958 1,453,106 9,908
Thousand Islands 8.7 19,915 19,980 2,297


In September 1945, the government of Jakarta City was changed from the Japanese Djakarta Toku-Betsu Shi into the Jakarta National Administration. This first government was held by a Mayor until the end of 1960 when the office was changed to that of a Governor. The last mayor of Jakarta was Sudiro, until he was replaced by Dr Sumarno as Governor.

In 1974, Based on the Act No. 5 of 1974 relating to the Fundamentals of Regional Government, Jakarta was confirmed as the capital city of Indonesia and one of Indonesia's 26 provinces.


Jakarta is located on the northwest coast of Java, at the mouth of the Ciliwung River on Jakarta Bay, which is an inlet of the Java Sea. Officially, the area of the Jakarta Special District is 662 km2 of land area and 6,977 km2 of sea area. Jakarta lies in a low, flat basin, averaging 7 metres (23 ft) above sea level; 40% of Jakarta, particularly the northern areas, is below sea level, while the southern parts are comparatively hilly. Rivers flow from the Puncak highlands to the south of the city, across the city northwards towards the Java Sea; the most important is the Ciliwung River, which divides the city into the western and eastern principalities. Other rivers include the Pesanggrahan, and Sunter.

These rivers, combined with Jakarta's low topography make it prone to flooding from swollen rivers in the wet season and high sea tides. Other contributing factors include clogged sewage pipes and waterways that service an increasing population, in addition to deforestation near rapidly urbanizing Bogor and Depok in Jakarta's hinterland. Furthermore, Jakarta is an urban area with complex socio-economic problems that indirectly contribute to triggering a flood event. Major floods occurred in 1996 when 5,000 hectares of land were flooded  and 2007. Losses from infrastructure damage and state revenue were at least 5.2 trillion rupiah (572 million US dollars) and at least 85 people were killed [43] and about 350,000 people forced from their homes. Approximately 70% of Jakarta's total area was flooded with water up to four meters deep in parts of the city.

The Thousand Islands, which are administratively a part of Jakarta, are located in Jakarta Bay north of the city.


Jakarta has a hot and humid tropical wet and dry climate (Aw) according to the Köppen climate classification system. Despite being located relatively close to the equator, the city has distinct wet and dry seasons. Wet seasons in Jakarta cover the majority of the year, running from November through June. The remaining four months forms the city’s dry season. Located in the western-part of Indonesia, Jakarta's wet season rainfall peak is January with average monthly rainfall of 385 millimetres (15.2 in), and its dry season low point is July with a monthly average of 31 millimetres (1.2 in).

Climate data for Jakarta
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.5













Average low °C (°F) 24.2













Precipitation mm (inches) 384.7













Avg. rainy days 26 20 15 18 13 17 5 24 6 9 22 12 187
Source: World Meteorological Organisation 


As the economic and political capital of Indonesia, Jakarta attracts many domestic immigrants who bring their various languages, dialects, foods and customs.

The Betawi (Orang Betawi, or "people of Batavia") is a term used to describe the descendants of the people living in and around Batavia and recognized as an ethnic group from around the 18th-19th century. The Betawi people are mostly descended from various Southeast Asian ethnic groups brought or attracted to Batavia to meet labor needs, and include people from different parts of Indonesia.[48] The language and Betawi culture are distinct from those of the Sundanese or Javanese. The language is mostly based on the East Malay dialect and enriched by loan words from Dutch, Portuguese, Sundanese, Javanese, Chinese, and Arabic. Nowadays, the Jakarta dialect (Bahasa Jakarta) used as a street language by people in Jakarta is loosely based on the Betawi language.

Betawi arts have a low profile in Jakarta and most Betawi have moved to the suburbs of Jakarta, displaced by new migrants. It is easier to find Java or Minang based wedding ceremonies rather than Betawi weddings in Jakarta. It is easier to find Javanese Gamelan instead of Gambang Kromong (a mixture between Betawi and Chinese music) or Tanjidor (a mixture between Betawi and Portuguese music) or Marawis (a mixture between Betawi and Yaman music). However, some festivals such as the Jalan Jaksa Festival or Kemang Festival include efforts to preserve Betawi arts by inviting artists to give performances.

There has been a Chinese community in Jakarta for many centuries. Officially, they make up 6% of the Jakartan population, although this number may be under-reported.

Jakarta has several performing art centers, such as the Taman Ismail Marzuki (TIM) art center in Cikini, Gedung Kesenian Jakarta near Pasar Baru, Balai Sarbini in Plaza Semanggi area, Bentara Budaya Jakarta in Palmerah area, Pasar Seni (Art Market) in Ancol, and traditional Indonesian art performances at the pavilions of some Provinces in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah. Traditional music is often found at high-class hotels, including Wayang and Gamelan performances. Javanese Wayang Orang performance can be found at Wayang Orang Bharata theater near Senen bus terminal. As the nation's largest city and capital, Jakarta has lured much national and regional talent who hope to find a greater audience and more opportunities for success.

Jakarta hosts several prestigious art and culture festivals, and exhibitions, such as the annual Jakarta International Film Festival (JiFFest), Jakarta International Java Jazz Festival, Jakarta Fashion Week, Jakarta Fashion & Food Festival (JFFF), Indonesia Creative Products and Jakarta Arts and Crafts exhibition. Flona Jakarta is a Flora and Fauna exhibition, held annually in August at Lapangan Banteng park featuring flowers, plant nurseries, and pets. The Jakarta Fair is held annually from mid June to mid July to celebrate the anniversary of the city and is largely centered around a trade fair. However this month-long fair also features entertainment, including arts and music performances by local bands and musicians.

Several foreign art and culture centers are also established in Jakarta, and mainly serve to promote culture and language through learning centers, libraries, and art galleries. Among these foreign art and cultural centers are Netherlands Erasmus Huis, UK British Council, France Centre Culturel Français, Germany Goethe-Institut, Japan Foundation, and The Jawaharlal Nehru Indian Cultural Center.


Jakarta has a vast range of food available at hundreds of eating complexes located all over the city, frommodest street-side foodstalls and traveling vendors to the high-class expensive restaurants. The traditional Padang restaurants and low budget Javanese Warteg (Warung Tegal) foodstalls are ubiquitous in the capital. Next to a myriad of selection of Indonesian food and regional specialities from all over Indonesia, there is also international food, especially Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Thai, Indian, American, French, Middle Eastern, and modern fusion food.[51] One of the most popular local dishes in Jakarta is Soto Betawi, which is a cow milk or coconut milk broth with beef tendons, intestines, tripe. The other popular foods are kerak telor, gado-gado, sate, and kue cucur.

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78 responses to "Jakarta : Capital of Indonesia"

  1. wii fit On January 31, 2011 at 8:11 PM

    The Jakarta, name is enough to listen as a capital of Indonesia.

  2. Perth Solar On February 3, 2011 at 4:34 AM

    well nice sharing about Jakarta, thanks. but there should be good pictures also to estimate more.

  3. Pusat Alat Pemadam Api dan Brankas Terbaik On February 9, 2011 at 4:22 PM

    I live here. It's crowded. Traffic jam everywhere. You'll need hours to travel from one district to another. But I love this city and the mixed-culture people :D

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  6. obat alami maag kronis On February 17, 2011 at 7:45 PM

    emang sangat beragam dan sangat menarik...

  7. Європа On February 18, 2011 at 11:41 PM

    There is no doubt that Jakarta is the heart and soul of Indonesia and one of the most exciting places to visit in Southeast Asia to enjoy an electrifying nightlife and shopping experience.

  8. Tuscany vacation rentals On February 21, 2011 at 7:21 PM

    I never been in Jakarta, anyway reading this info it is very cool.

  9. City breaks On February 23, 2011 at 7:49 PM

    Not been to Indonesia however I've heard quite a bit about Jakarta, will definitely include it in my list of places to go to.

  10. menorca hotels On February 23, 2011 at 10:08 PM

    I was in Jakarta, its very very cool!!

  11. Intoxicated Abroad On February 25, 2011 at 5:37 AM

    Loved Jakarta when I was there. Great Nightlife.

  12. Galaxy s2 On February 25, 2011 at 5:49 AM

    I was wondering is Jakarta a great place to party ??

  13. story On March 1, 2011 at 10:55 AM

    jakarata,,very far with my city,(gresik)

  14. пп ваня On March 10, 2011 at 6:24 PM

    Least Liveable Cities, Jakarta 125th of 140. It is not good statistic. Statistical data is not very good. But I want to see this city.

  15. jebeng On March 26, 2011 at 4:01 PM

    great info on jakarta..

  16. hotel gran canaria On March 28, 2011 at 12:49 PM

    Jakarta is one city I have never been to as yet but do plan to go. Crowded maybe but sounds like its a very vibrant and exciting city to visit.

  17. Cheap Hotels In Granada Spain On March 28, 2011 at 6:09 PM

    Jakarta is world famous for its special culture and is the heart and soul of Indonesia. Another reason behind its popularity is many shopping places and malls.

  18. arsavin666 On April 7, 2011 at 5:37 PM

    jakarta kota 1001 macet

  19. Luxury family holidays On April 8, 2011 at 6:20 PM

    jakarta is world famous place.So i would like to visit it.

  20. Kona Car Rental On April 8, 2011 at 7:30 PM

    Jakarta is the capital city of one of the world's most populous nations. It is a fast growing cosmopolitan destination that is abundantly gifted with fascinating culture and traditions.

  21. obat herbal asam urat On April 11, 2011 at 4:33 PM

    Jakarta held its first ever election to choose a governor, whereas previously the city's governors were appointed by local parliament. The poll is part of a country-wide decentralization drive, allowing for direct local elections in several areas.

  22. solusi mengobati tumor ovarium kista On April 11, 2011 at 4:35 PM

    Jakarta has a hot and humid tropical wet and dry climate (Aw) according to the Köppen climate classification system.

  23. solusi mengobati penyakit asma On April 11, 2011 at 4:37 PM

    jakarta memang kota metropolitan yang mempunyai banyak aneka ragam,,,

  24. Martin On April 11, 2011 at 5:19 PM

    We do not have so many citizens in our country than in this city.

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    jakarta harus dipindahin k kalimantan biar supaya biar kagak macet & merata pembangunan

  26. Vacations with kids On April 14, 2011 at 11:40 PM

    My family enjoyed a couple of days in Indonesia and they said it was amazing. I am planning to visit sometime. Is the capital the best option? I hear they have some pretty small cities that are really nice. Any ideas?

  27. Locuri Vizitat On April 15, 2011 at 7:07 PM

    Great place to visit. I hope i will get there once in my lifetime. I am fascinated by the indonesian culture, indonesian cuisine, foods. When it is better to visit Jakarta? In the dry or the wet season?

  28. cfp certified financial planner On April 29, 2011 at 3:27 PM

    Jakarta is very modern city. I like its architecture. It is very awesome and beautiful. There are very places to visit. It is like the dream city.

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    jakarta yang mempunyai aneka ragam yang bagus...

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    There is no doubt that Jakarta is the heart and soul of Indonesia and one of the most exciting places to visit in Southeast Asia to enjoy an electrifying nightlife and shopping experience....

  31. first Aid kits On May 3, 2011 at 5:32 PM

    Jakarta is listed as a global city in the 2008 Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC) research.

  32. Siem Reap On May 10, 2011 at 7:21 PM

    Very useful info about Jakarta. I plan to visit the capital this year, so this info came in very handy, Thanks!

  33. yeremia On May 15, 2011 at 5:09 AM

    Jakarta makin lama makin sumpek yah. Tapi apapun yang terjadi Jakarta is the best

  34. Mark John On May 17, 2011 at 10:10 PM

    Thanks to the blog owner for the excellent post.

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    monas salah satu kebanggaan jakarta dan indonesia,,,

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    jakarta ibu kota indonesia,,,yang sangat banyak aneka ragam didalamnya,,

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    The information which you posted us quite interesting and very true. I had been traveled to Jakarta from last 2 years for business purpose and I always enjoying my trip to Jakarta.

  38. wicker On May 26, 2011 at 9:50 AM

    I am Indonesian. I do not know why we must be proud when saying that Jakrta is our capaital. What is it in Jakarta? Nothing but crowd!

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    I'm a surfer and do not know how to desire to go to find the beaches of Indonesia such as Bali. Hopefully someday I can go and enjoy its beauty.

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    ke jakarta aku kan kembalii...

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    Kalau Jakarta ga macet pasti nyaman sekali..

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    I have visited Indonesia once, I will visit Jakarta next time.

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    Due to numerous prominent artistic and cultural presentations throughout Jakarta, foreign visitors are more prefer cool and calm place to spend vacation. Jakarta’s food and film festival are vital attractions.

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    Jakarta is not a city, but a province with special status as the capital of Indonesia, that's strange but true.

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    Jakarta is the largest city of Indonesia Officially, Jakarta is not a city, but a province with special status as the capital of Indonesia.

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