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The population of Indonesia according to the 2010 national census is 237.6 million, with 58% living on the island of Java, the world's most populous island.

Despite a fairly effective family planning program that has been in place since the 1960s,[4] the population is expected to grow to around 254 million by 2020 and 288 million by 2050,[5] falling to fifth behind Pakistan sometime before 2050.

List of Indonesian provinces' population

Province Population    In Cities (%)  
Aceh 4,486,570 23.6
North Sumatra 12,985,075 42.4
West Sumatra 4,845,998 29.0
Riau 5,543,031 43.7
Jambi 3,088,618 28.3
South Sumatra 7,446,401 34.4
Bengkulu 1,713,393 29.4
Lampung 7,596,115 21.0
Bangka Belitung 1,223,048 43.0
Riau Islands 1,685,698 --
Banten 10,644,030 52.2
Jakarta 9,588,198 100.0
West Java 43,021,826 50.3
Central Java 32,380,687 40.4
Yogyakarta 3,452,390 57.7
East Java 37,476,011 40.9
Bali 3,891,428 49.8
West Nusa Tenggara 4,496,855 34.8
East Nusa Tenggara 4,679,316 15.9
West Kalimantan 4,393,239 25.1
Central Kalimantan 2,202,599 27.5
South Kalimantan 3,626,119 36.3
East Kalimantan 3,550,586 57.6
North Sulawesi 2,265,937 37.0
Gorontalo 1,038,585 25.5
Central Sulawesi 2,633,420 19.7
South Sulawesi 8,032,551 29.4
Southeast Sulawesi 2,230,569 20.8
West Sulawesi 1,158,336 --
Maluku 1,531,402 25.9
North Maluku 1,035,478 29.5
Papua 2,851,999 22.2
West Papua 760,855 --
Source: Population Census 2010[2]

Ethnic groups

At least 300 different ethnic groups have been counted in Indonesia.


Although it is not an Islamic state, Indonesia is the world's most populous Muslim-majority nation, with almost 86.1% of Indonesians declared Muslim according to the 2000 census. 8.7% of the population is Christian, 3% are Hindu, and 1.8% Buddhist or other. Most Indonesian Hindus are Balinese, and most Buddhists in modern-day Indonesia are ethnic Chinese.


Indonesian is the official national language, but there are many different languages native to Indonesia. According to Ethnologue, there are currently 737 living languages  the most widely spoken of which is Javanese.

A number of Chinese dialects, most prominently Min Nan, are also spoken. The public use of Chinese, especially Chinese characters, was officially discouraged between 1966 and 1998.

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37 responses to "population of indonesia"

  1. phone On February 9, 2011 at 7:33 PM

    i love u full indonesia

  2. тур агенція On February 18, 2011 at 11:52 PM

    Main languages: Bahasa, Javanese (35%), Sundanese (14%).

    Is this information true?

  3. Tuscany villas On February 21, 2011 at 7:30 PM

    Really great post about population of Indonesia.

    @тур агенція,
    I look this info and they are true.

  4. тур агенція On February 21, 2011 at 9:27 PM

    @Tuscany villas

  5. Cazare Baile Felix On February 23, 2011 at 6:18 AM

    Indonesia is on my top 10 country list, I want to visit in my life :)

  6. Venice Hotels On March 3, 2011 at 1:26 PM

    Indonesia consists of distinct ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups having vast areas of wilderness that support the world's second highest level of biodiversity. The country is richly endowed with natural resources with many cultural practices.

  7. Pulsa On March 14, 2011 at 6:24 AM

    Ijin berkunjung gan..
    mampir dari KasKus nie..skalian mo ambil data populasi penduduk


  8. Travel blog On April 2, 2011 at 11:00 PM

    population of Indonesia people are born and brought up children is very good. I wish everyone good health and love

  9. GM Dealer Guelph On April 7, 2011 at 11:48 PM

    I love your writing style and how you write articles, really perfect. Do you consider writing for other blogs as a guest?

  10. kids distro On April 11, 2011 at 10:49 AM

    Regarding the fact of a very huge number of population, government must have a strategic plan to build the economy for the citizen

  11. obat herbal darah tinggi On April 11, 2011 at 4:39 PM

    i love indonesia,,indonesia is the best,,

  12. solusi mengobati jerawat On April 11, 2011 at 4:45 PM

    Indonesian is the official national language, but there are many different languages native to Indonesia.

  13. solusi mengobati diabetes On April 11, 2011 at 4:46 PM

    indonesia very beautiful,,,

  14. enterprise software suite On April 14, 2011 at 6:45 PM

    This is a good indicator of how modernity has hit Indonesia, and it has hit in a majorway.Indonesia is fast becoming the new kingdom of shopkeepers as was Britain

  15. Kitchen Stools On April 25, 2011 at 4:16 PM

    This is knowledgeable info about population,there are many facility.government must have a strategic plan to build the economy for there citizen.

  16. louis vuitton borse On May 3, 2011 at 1:56 PM

    This is great post and informative about population, The country is richly endowed with natural resources with many cultural practices....

  17. Cambodia Travel On May 10, 2011 at 7:23 PM

    I suppose this makes Indonesia the country with the highest population in SE Asia?

  18. Baton Rouge Hotels On May 11, 2011 at 12:03 AM

    I think after China and India, it would be Indonesia in growth of population. Well, Population are also could be a good strength for the country.

  19. Server Hosting On May 16, 2011 at 1:43 PM

    The name Indonesia became more common in academic circles outside the Netherlands, and Indonesian nationalist groups adopted it for political expression, With over 238 million people, it is the world's fourth most populous country, and has the world's largest population of Muslims. Indonesia is a republic, with an elected legislature and president..

  20. Hammock On May 17, 2011 at 1:20 PM

    With 238 million people, Indonesia is the fourth largest country in the world by population, after China, India and the United States.The island of Java is the world's most populated island and one of the most densely populated areas in the world, with more than 130 million people living in an area the size of Greece,Indonesia includes numerous ethnic, cultural and linguistic groups..

  21. Mark John On May 17, 2011 at 10:11 PM

    I truly appreciate your time and effort because it helps me to discover pleasant and valuable information

  22. Leather bean bags On May 18, 2011 at 2:17 PM

    Indonesia is a big country, this is a fourth largest country all over world, and this is great way to describe for this post, Indonesia's high population and rapid industrialization present serious environmental issues, which are often given a lower priority due to high poverty ..

  23. hamster cages On May 21, 2011 at 3:23 PM

    Indonesia is a one of the largest country in population, and this is a third largest country.you are explain all Indonesia population and awared to us.

  24. tub chairs On May 23, 2011 at 4:45 PM

    Indonesia is a one of the powerful country all over the world, Indonesia consists of distinct ethnic, this is the third largest country in world.

  25. obat demam berdarah On May 23, 2011 at 8:24 PM

    great post thanks for share,,,,,

  26. obat batu ginjal On May 23, 2011 at 8:32 PM

    keep bloggging,,,sangat berguna infonya,,,

  27. It konsulenter On May 24, 2011 at 3:41 PM

    Across its many islands, Indonesia consists of distinct ethnic, and religious groups. This is the one of the most popular country in over world.this is the third largest country in world.

  28. wicker furniture On June 9, 2011 at 9:51 AM

    I think we should do better plan in "making" children... Two is better...

  29. car hire in Singapore On August 22, 2011 at 5:57 PM

    This is strange that although it is not Islamic country ,Indonesia is the world's most populous Muslim-majority nation, with almost 86.1% of Indonesians declared Muslim according to the 2000 census.

  30. Bus to kuala Lumpur On August 29, 2011 at 5:26 PM

    The population of indonesia has increased and more over more than 50% of people are living in island.

  31. cheap hotels in Valencia On September 6, 2011 at 6:04 PM

    Great information that fact I had never know about Indonesia

  32. Manchester hotels On September 7, 2011 at 7:39 PM

    It is an informative post. Thanks for sharing this post

  33. singapore limousine On October 19, 2011 at 1:57 PM

    Amazing news that in Indonesia 737 languages exists . A concern is need for generation issue there and then no one can stop Indonesia to write it's present and future too with golden ink.Thanks for such informative post.

  34. where is indonesia On October 26, 2011 at 5:19 PM

    west java is most population in indonesia

  35. cheap hotels in Madrid On February 1, 2012 at 6:15 PM

    Population of Indonesia is really growing fastly .I hope such growing will not affect their resources much as affecting in some highly populated countries.

  36. adult acne On February 2, 2012 at 5:19 PM

    nice post and nice information

  37. Mobile App Development Delhi On December 1, 2014 at 2:44 PM

    Thanks for sharing. I hope it will be helpful for too many people that are searching for this topic. Keep posting and keep this forum a great place to learn things.